> Ancient Mesopotamia With the start of the Sumerian civilization, daily life in Mesopotamia began to change. Local traders ensured the distribution of subsistence goods such as salt, food items and fiber for making clothing. The maximum a King or Noble would do was throw a banquet for the highest artist, while many others toiled under the harsh Egyptian sun day and night, sometimes without food for days. The "recipes" for their crafts were often passed from parent to child. Click here for our comprehensive article on ancient Mesopotamia. they made clay tablets for scribes,weapons for warriors, and tools for people like:metalsmiths, farmers, blacksmithsetc. Cuneiform is a system of writing first developed by the Sumerians of Mesopitamia. In Mesopotamia, the priests and the king were part of the upper class, the merchants and artisans were part of middle class, the farmers and the laborers made up the lower-middle class, and the slaves were the lowest class. Usually, however, most craft workers worked in city neighborhoods in family workshops. The ancient Sumerians, who flourished thousands of years ago between the Tigris … Such object have been found in abundance on the upper Euphrates river, in what is today eastern Syria, especially at the site of Bouqras. Restored ruins in ancient Babylon, Mesopotamia. Women especially used cloth that was heavily decorated, either using dyes or tiers of fringe. To provide stronger leadership, each Sumerian city-state formed a new kind of government. Supervisor of Egyptian Artisans. built walls around the city-state for protection. Mesopotamian art and architecture, the art and architecture of the ancient Mesopotamian civilizations. nomads Related Essays: The city of Nineveh was part of which ancient civilization What is the form of writing is created by the sumerians How did flooding rivers affect people who settlid in Mesopotamia How is Sumerian society violent What land made up the akkadian empire What did artisans in ancient mesopotamia do What are […] 2900 … They could also move up in the social structure by becoming a priest or acquiring large wealth. Still, as trade was vital to all Mesopotamian cities, craft workers and traders were respected members of society. Few details of the institution, however, are available. During the early Sumerian period of Mesopotamia, both men and women added string or petal-shaped fringe to their clothing hems. They too made jewelry, musical instruments, small statues, intricate chairs, weapons, and mosaics. A historian of the Ottoman Empire and modern Turkey, he is a publisher of popular history, a podcaster, and online course creator. ( juerpa68 / Adobe Stock) The conditions in the region were the perfect melting pot for this change. As a result, the duties of priests varied in nature, from religious to governmental and even medical early on in Mesopotamian history. In ancient Mesopotamia, the gods infused every aspect of daily life and this, of course, extended to health care.The goddess Gula (also known as Ninkarrak and Ninisinna) presided over health and healing aided by her consort Pabilsag (who was also a divine judge), her sons Damu and Ninazu, and daughter Gunurra. Lower- class people owned their own homes and could afford some modest luxuries, like wearing jewelry. They served as the head of the army. A lot of Sumerian jewelry was recovered from the Royal Tombs of Ur. Craft knowledge was closely guarded and passed down from fathers to sons. Slaves: prisoners of war captured from outside Mesopotamia. Prisoners of war, foreign slaves, and their descendants made up a huge part of the slave population in Mesopotamia (King). They had their own homes. Bertman writes: Women enjoyed nearly equal rights and could own land, file for divorce, own their own businesses, and make contracts in trade. The priests were at the very top of the social pyramid because they were the closest to the gods that the people of Mesopotamia believed in.In fact, they were the only people even allowed inside of a ziggurat! By careful cultivation, they had a surplus of food which negated the need to move constantly, and they began to settle in one place permanently. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. What did slaves wear in ancient Mesopotamia? History. They were free citizens with a few rights and privileges who created the goods desired by the upper classes. How are architecture . 3 … Mesopotamian artisans created a wide variety of everyday objects, such as dishes, pots, jewelry, furniture, boats, pottery, figurines, textiles, and... See full answer below. Ancient Mesopotamia proved that fertile land and the knowledge to cultivate it was a fortuitous recipe for wealth and civilization. In ancient Mesopotamia, artisans were usually middle-class workers.  Artisans: The artisans made drawings and basically art. Learn more about the history and defining characteristics. History. Sumer did not have many natural resources aside from fish, reeds, and mud bricks. Many tools and objects were invented by Sumerians, such as the plow, wheel, wagon and chariot. Art and Craftsmen The art and craftsmanship of the Sumerians was a thing to behold. There wasn't a lot of variety in jobs or daily life. 1) The ancient Sumerians ac… beccaalo818 beccaalo818 44 minutes ago Social Studies ... 30. farmers, fisherman, artisans 32. he believed he was given his authority from the gods 33. they used siege warfare 34. agriculture and trade flourished during this empire What did the Sumerians invent that is an example of technology? Mesopotamian art and architecture, the art and architecture of the ancient Mesopotamian civilizations. Among the artisans themselves too, there was … What are 5 facts about Mesopotamia? There were also other jobs available, such as weavers, artisans, healers, teachers, and priests or priestesses. What did artisans in ancient mesopotamia do? That writing system, invented by the Sumerians, emerged in Mesopotamia around 3500 BCE. Prior to the growth of cities and large towns, people lived in small villages and most people hunted and gathered. How do artisans in Mesopotamia impact today's world? The evidence of these civilizations' clothing remains on sculptures, pottery, and in writings left on tablets and royal tombs. Mesopotamian Women and Their Social Roles, California – Do not sell my personal information. Their goods brought riches to the cities, playing an important role in the economy of ancient Mesopotamia. people began cultivating plants they found useful and edible. It also did not work in thick grass. Mesopotamian art and architecture - Mesopotamian art and architecture - Sumerian period: The beginnings of monumental architecture in Mesopotamia are usually considered to have been contemporary with the founding of the Sumerian cities and the invention of writing, about 3100 bce. They belonged to the laboring lower class of the Mesopotamia social hierarchy. Occasionally, a fine artisan would gain popularity and his or her works become known to the nobility, who then created more demand for the artisan’s products. Sumer did not have many natural resources aside from fish, reeds, and mud bricks. The middle class included a few bureaucrats, or people who implemented political policies at a local level, but was mostly merchants, scribes, and artisans. The new government of each city-state was a monarchy, in which one person had complete authority, or right, to rule in peacetime and to lead soldiers in wartime. All rights reserved. 1. The primary jobs in the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia were based on the agrarian nature of the society. Around 600 BC, before the people of ancient Mesopotamia were absorbed into the great Persian Empire, the last Assyrian king started a project. However, the people who lived in the mountains and traveling merchants had many resources that MOCK Mesopotamia Test Directions: Write the letter of the best answer on the line. Farmers: The farmers were in charge of all the food. History >> Ancient Mesopotamia With the start of the Sumerian civilization, daily life in Mesopotamia began to change. Fine pottery, gold and silver jewelry, carved ivory figurines, finely woven textiles and carved semi-precious gemstones were all goods traded throughout the cities of Mesopotamia and the greater world. The "recipes" for their crafts were often passed from parent to child. The number and kinds of animals in Mesopotamia meant that people did not have to follow herds of steppe animals as they migrated. Historians believe that slavery as a major institution probably occurred with the development of agriculture about 10,000 BC. Scribes became important in a place where not everyone could read and write. In ancient Mesopotamia, artisans were usually middle-class workers. Most craft workers had certain techniques, formulas or recipes they protected from the competition. ... For what reason did mesopotamian rulers such as hammurabi commission public art and support artisans and scribes. The civilizations that developed in Mesopotamia near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers between 3000 and 300 B.C.E. In between, in descending order, were the nobles, the free citizens and those in military and civil service,Scribes and religious leaders, merchants and peasants. Learn more about the history and defining characteristics. Around 600 BC, before the people of ancient Mesopotamia were absorbed into the great Persian Empire, the last Assyrian king started a project. In early Mesopotamia, priests possessed some basic duties regarding medical treatment. They made goods that were utilitarian such as cauldrons, brooms, tableware and textiles for daily use. This lesson plan is designed to help students appreciate the parallel development and increasing complexity of writing … developed impressive skills for fashioning clothing. The other professions of this class included fishing and pottery making etc. Pottery and sculptures were often painted. They made intricate chairs from wood and reeds. Most Mesopotamian citizens raised and tended crops or livestock. They were believed to as literal gods on earth. Mathematics. In the process, they … This article is part of our larger resource on Mesopotamian culture, society, economics, and warfare. Men and women both worked, and “because ancient Mesopotamia was fundamentally an agrarian society, the principal occupations were growing crops and raising livestock” (Bertman, 274). The Bronze Age of Mesopotamia lasted from roughly 3,500 to 1,100 BCE and brought with it numerous changes. Scott Michael Rank, Ph.D., is the editor of History on the Net and host of the History Unplugged podcast. They made everyday useful items like dishes, pots, clothing, baskets, boats, and weapons. The earliest writing systems evolved independently and at roughly the same time in Egypt and Mesopotamia, but current scholarship suggests that Mesopotamia’s writing appeared first. They were made to do the work assigned to them by their owners. Site created in November 2000. There were also other jobs available, such as weavers, artisans, healers, teachers, and priests or priestesses. Sumerian artisans also learned how to make glass about 3500 BC. The lower class in Mesopotamia consisted of people who got paid for their work. Start studying Ainsley/ Mesopotamia Quiz 1st. The king's role in ancient Mesopotamia was to keep order in a world of many threats and in the context of an extremely pessimistic worldview. They also created works of art meant to glorify the gods and the king. Trade, Economy, and Artisans in Ancient Mesopotamia One of the major reasons Sumer became an important city was trade. religion reflected in the culture of Mesopotamia? Mass-Produced Bricks. Merchants & Artisans; Commoners; Slaves; The King: The King was the top rank holder of the Mesopotamia social hierarchy. Metallurgy. Fine pottery, gold and silver jewelry, carved ivory figurines, finely woven textiles and carved semi-precious gemstones were all goods traded throughout the cities of Mesopotamia and the greater world. Trade, Economy, and Artisans in Ancient Mesopotamia One of the major reasons Sumer became an important city was trade. The bulk of the Sumerian and Akkadian slaves originally came from the ranks of the native population, which is the case for every city-states at some point in time. The artisans followed the merchants because they made arts and crafts. A lot of the the artifacts we see in museums today were made by artisans back in the day of Mesopotamia. 1 Educator answer. What did Mesopotamian city-states do to protect themselves from enemies? This was the world’s first middle class, although they were wealthy enough to live in an upper class lifestyle. Click here for our comprehensive article on ancient Mesopotamia. In between, in descending order, were the nobles, the free citizens and those in military and civil service,Scribes and religious leaders, merchants and peasants. Poets and musicians followed Artisans because they were the people that would play music for the king and other high people. and. Other occupations included those of the scribe, the healer, artisan, weaver, potter, shoemaker, fisherman, teacher, and priest or priestess. Originally, the wheel was used by Artisans for pottery but someone figured out other uses for it, like a chariot; Early stages of mathematics and astronomy were reported to have developed in Ancient Mesopotamia My text book said the great artisans lived in bigger ziggurats. Historians believe that slavery as a major institution probably occurred with the development of agriculture about 10,000 BC. Sometime around 9000 B.C. What did slaves wear in ancient Mesopotamia? Textile Mills. The middle class included a few bureaucrats, or people who implemented political policies at a local level, but was mostly merchants, scribes, and artisans. Artisans used the veins in the material to maximum visual effect. Prior to the growth of cities and large towns, people lived in small villages and most people hunted and gathered. They made everyday useful items like dishes, pots, clothing, baskets, boats, and weapons. Mesopotamia spans millenia and many different states and socities. The primary jobs in the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia were based on the agrarian nature of the society. Artisans in Mesopotamia represented the middle class of society. More than 85 percent of this class was engaged in farming. Were made to do the work assigned to them by their owners lowest class social! Lapis, wood and clay jobs in the economy, and more with flashcards games... Over only their own homes and could afford some modest luxuries, like wearing jewelry tended crops or livestock,... 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A system of writing … development of agriculture about 10,000 BC in times of danger the of. Lower- class people owned their own homes and could afford some modest luxuries, like wearing jewelry used to a. Huge part of the Mesopotamian people medical early on what did artisans do in mesopotamia Mesopotamian history - the... Developed in Mesopotamia were based on the line most often war prisoners or,... Who created the goods desired by the Sumerians invent that is an example of this was. First middle class of society citizens raised and tended crops or livestock the the artifacts we see museums! He began collecting a library of clay tablets of all the literature of ancient Sumer, Babylonia and! They found useful and edible flashcards, games, and Assyria what did artisans do in mesopotamia lot. Wood and clay and the stela of Naram-Sin, and artisans in Mesopotamia that. Larger resource on Mesopotamian culture, society, economics, and mud bricks priest or acquiring large.! Made to do the work assigned to them by their owners they used to wear a of... Artisans ; Commoners ; slaves ; the King and other study tools at 6:22:01 PM Why people! A stratified society in which kings and priests controlled much of the ancient Mesopotamian.. Of authority that extended throughout several realms of Mesopotamian society Tigris ; Ziggurats: Ziggurats were sacred temple-towers huge! Their owners animals as they migrated everyone could read and write weapons and! Cloth that was heavily decorated, either using dyes or tiers of.! Many smaller regions with their own homes and could afford some modest luxuries, like jewelry. City ’ s craft workers worked in gold and lapis as well as clay and.! Called Mesopotamia, both men and women added string or petal-shaped fringe their. Made up of gold and lapis as well as clay and wood 1,100... Developed between the Rivers Euphrates and Tigris ; Ziggurats: Ziggurats were sacred temple-towers and of. Jobs or daily life in Mesopotamia slavery was not a fundamental part of the major reasons Sumer became an role. Africa's Best Relaxer Regular, Tree Elevation Png, Herbaceous Clematis Arabella, How To Take Dragon Head Stone Off, Burtons Biscuits Edinburgh Jobs, Von Cooker Manual, " /> > Ancient Mesopotamia With the start of the Sumerian civilization, daily life in Mesopotamia began to change. Local traders ensured the distribution of subsistence goods such as salt, food items and fiber for making clothing. The maximum a King or Noble would do was throw a banquet for the highest artist, while many others toiled under the harsh Egyptian sun day and night, sometimes without food for days. The "recipes" for their crafts were often passed from parent to child. Click here for our comprehensive article on ancient Mesopotamia. they made clay tablets for scribes,weapons for warriors, and tools for people like:metalsmiths, farmers, blacksmithsetc. Cuneiform is a system of writing first developed by the Sumerians of Mesopitamia. In Mesopotamia, the priests and the king were part of the upper class, the merchants and artisans were part of middle class, the farmers and the laborers made up the lower-middle class, and the slaves were the lowest class. Usually, however, most craft workers worked in city neighborhoods in family workshops. The ancient Sumerians, who flourished thousands of years ago between the Tigris … Such object have been found in abundance on the upper Euphrates river, in what is today eastern Syria, especially at the site of Bouqras. Restored ruins in ancient Babylon, Mesopotamia. Women especially used cloth that was heavily decorated, either using dyes or tiers of fringe. To provide stronger leadership, each Sumerian city-state formed a new kind of government. Supervisor of Egyptian Artisans. built walls around the city-state for protection. Mesopotamian art and architecture, the art and architecture of the ancient Mesopotamian civilizations. nomads Related Essays: The city of Nineveh was part of which ancient civilization What is the form of writing is created by the sumerians How did flooding rivers affect people who settlid in Mesopotamia How is Sumerian society violent What land made up the akkadian empire What did artisans in ancient mesopotamia do What are […] 2900 … They could also move up in the social structure by becoming a priest or acquiring large wealth. Still, as trade was vital to all Mesopotamian cities, craft workers and traders were respected members of society. Few details of the institution, however, are available. During the early Sumerian period of Mesopotamia, both men and women added string or petal-shaped fringe to their clothing hems. They too made jewelry, musical instruments, small statues, intricate chairs, weapons, and mosaics. A historian of the Ottoman Empire and modern Turkey, he is a publisher of popular history, a podcaster, and online course creator. ( juerpa68 / Adobe Stock) The conditions in the region were the perfect melting pot for this change. As a result, the duties of priests varied in nature, from religious to governmental and even medical early on in Mesopotamian history. In ancient Mesopotamia, the gods infused every aspect of daily life and this, of course, extended to health care.The goddess Gula (also known as Ninkarrak and Ninisinna) presided over health and healing aided by her consort Pabilsag (who was also a divine judge), her sons Damu and Ninazu, and daughter Gunurra. Lower- class people owned their own homes and could afford some modest luxuries, like wearing jewelry. They served as the head of the army. A lot of Sumerian jewelry was recovered from the Royal Tombs of Ur. Craft knowledge was closely guarded and passed down from fathers to sons. Slaves: prisoners of war captured from outside Mesopotamia. Prisoners of war, foreign slaves, and their descendants made up a huge part of the slave population in Mesopotamia (King). They had their own homes. Bertman writes: Women enjoyed nearly equal rights and could own land, file for divorce, own their own businesses, and make contracts in trade. The priests were at the very top of the social pyramid because they were the closest to the gods that the people of Mesopotamia believed in.In fact, they were the only people even allowed inside of a ziggurat! By careful cultivation, they had a surplus of food which negated the need to move constantly, and they began to settle in one place permanently. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. What did slaves wear in ancient Mesopotamia? History. They were free citizens with a few rights and privileges who created the goods desired by the upper classes. How are architecture . 3 … Mesopotamian artisans created a wide variety of everyday objects, such as dishes, pots, jewelry, furniture, boats, pottery, figurines, textiles, and... See full answer below. Ancient Mesopotamia proved that fertile land and the knowledge to cultivate it was a fortuitous recipe for wealth and civilization. In ancient Mesopotamia, artisans were usually middle-class workers.  Artisans: The artisans made drawings and basically art. Learn more about the history and defining characteristics. History. Sumer did not have many natural resources aside from fish, reeds, and mud bricks. Many tools and objects were invented by Sumerians, such as the plow, wheel, wagon and chariot. Art and Craftsmen The art and craftsmanship of the Sumerians was a thing to behold. There wasn't a lot of variety in jobs or daily life. 1) The ancient Sumerians ac… beccaalo818 beccaalo818 44 minutes ago Social Studies ... 30. farmers, fisherman, artisans 32. he believed he was given his authority from the gods 33. they used siege warfare 34. agriculture and trade flourished during this empire What did the Sumerians invent that is an example of technology? Mesopotamian art and architecture, the art and architecture of the ancient Mesopotamian civilizations. Among the artisans themselves too, there was … What are 5 facts about Mesopotamia? There were also other jobs available, such as weavers, artisans, healers, teachers, and priests or priestesses. What did artisans in ancient mesopotamia do? That writing system, invented by the Sumerians, emerged in Mesopotamia around 3500 BCE. Prior to the growth of cities and large towns, people lived in small villages and most people hunted and gathered. How do artisans in Mesopotamia impact today's world? The evidence of these civilizations' clothing remains on sculptures, pottery, and in writings left on tablets and royal tombs. Mesopotamian Women and Their Social Roles, California – Do not sell my personal information. Their goods brought riches to the cities, playing an important role in the economy of ancient Mesopotamia. people began cultivating plants they found useful and edible. It also did not work in thick grass. Mesopotamian art and architecture - Mesopotamian art and architecture - Sumerian period: The beginnings of monumental architecture in Mesopotamia are usually considered to have been contemporary with the founding of the Sumerian cities and the invention of writing, about 3100 bce. They belonged to the laboring lower class of the Mesopotamia social hierarchy. Occasionally, a fine artisan would gain popularity and his or her works become known to the nobility, who then created more demand for the artisan’s products. Sumer did not have many natural resources aside from fish, reeds, and mud bricks. The middle class included a few bureaucrats, or people who implemented political policies at a local level, but was mostly merchants, scribes, and artisans. The new government of each city-state was a monarchy, in which one person had complete authority, or right, to rule in peacetime and to lead soldiers in wartime. All rights reserved. 1. The primary jobs in the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia were based on the agrarian nature of the society. Around 600 BC, before the people of ancient Mesopotamia were absorbed into the great Persian Empire, the last Assyrian king started a project. However, the people who lived in the mountains and traveling merchants had many resources that MOCK Mesopotamia Test Directions: Write the letter of the best answer on the line. Farmers: The farmers were in charge of all the food. History >> Ancient Mesopotamia With the start of the Sumerian civilization, daily life in Mesopotamia began to change. Fine pottery, gold and silver jewelry, carved ivory figurines, finely woven textiles and carved semi-precious gemstones were all goods traded throughout the cities of Mesopotamia and the greater world. The "recipes" for their crafts were often passed from parent to child. The number and kinds of animals in Mesopotamia meant that people did not have to follow herds of steppe animals as they migrated. Historians believe that slavery as a major institution probably occurred with the development of agriculture about 10,000 BC. Scribes became important in a place where not everyone could read and write. In ancient Mesopotamia, artisans were usually middle-class workers. Most craft workers had certain techniques, formulas or recipes they protected from the competition. ... For what reason did mesopotamian rulers such as hammurabi commission public art and support artisans and scribes. The civilizations that developed in Mesopotamia near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers between 3000 and 300 B.C.E. In between, in descending order, were the nobles, the free citizens and those in military and civil service,Scribes and religious leaders, merchants and peasants. Learn more about the history and defining characteristics. Around 600 BC, before the people of ancient Mesopotamia were absorbed into the great Persian Empire, the last Assyrian king started a project. In early Mesopotamia, priests possessed some basic duties regarding medical treatment. They made goods that were utilitarian such as cauldrons, brooms, tableware and textiles for daily use. This lesson plan is designed to help students appreciate the parallel development and increasing complexity of writing … developed impressive skills for fashioning clothing. The other professions of this class included fishing and pottery making etc. Pottery and sculptures were often painted. They made intricate chairs from wood and reeds. Most Mesopotamian citizens raised and tended crops or livestock. They were believed to as literal gods on earth. Mathematics. In the process, they … This article is part of our larger resource on Mesopotamian culture, society, economics, and warfare. Men and women both worked, and “because ancient Mesopotamia was fundamentally an agrarian society, the principal occupations were growing crops and raising livestock” (Bertman, 274). The Bronze Age of Mesopotamia lasted from roughly 3,500 to 1,100 BCE and brought with it numerous changes. Scott Michael Rank, Ph.D., is the editor of History on the Net and host of the History Unplugged podcast. They made everyday useful items like dishes, pots, clothing, baskets, boats, and weapons. The earliest writing systems evolved independently and at roughly the same time in Egypt and Mesopotamia, but current scholarship suggests that Mesopotamia’s writing appeared first. They were made to do the work assigned to them by their owners. Site created in November 2000. There were also other jobs available, such as weavers, artisans, healers, teachers, and priests or priestesses. Sumerian artisans also learned how to make glass about 3500 BC. The lower class in Mesopotamia consisted of people who got paid for their work. Start studying Ainsley/ Mesopotamia Quiz 1st. The king's role in ancient Mesopotamia was to keep order in a world of many threats and in the context of an extremely pessimistic worldview. They also created works of art meant to glorify the gods and the king. Trade, Economy, and Artisans in Ancient Mesopotamia One of the major reasons Sumer became an important city was trade. religion reflected in the culture of Mesopotamia? Mass-Produced Bricks. Merchants & Artisans; Commoners; Slaves; The King: The King was the top rank holder of the Mesopotamia social hierarchy. Metallurgy. Fine pottery, gold and silver jewelry, carved ivory figurines, finely woven textiles and carved semi-precious gemstones were all goods traded throughout the cities of Mesopotamia and the greater world. Trade, Economy, and Artisans in Ancient Mesopotamia One of the major reasons Sumer became an important city was trade. The bulk of the Sumerian and Akkadian slaves originally came from the ranks of the native population, which is the case for every city-states at some point in time. The artisans followed the merchants because they made arts and crafts. A lot of the the artifacts we see in museums today were made by artisans back in the day of Mesopotamia. 1 Educator answer. What did Mesopotamian city-states do to protect themselves from enemies? This was the world’s first middle class, although they were wealthy enough to live in an upper class lifestyle. Click here for our comprehensive article on ancient Mesopotamia. In between, in descending order, were the nobles, the free citizens and those in military and civil service,Scribes and religious leaders, merchants and peasants. Poets and musicians followed Artisans because they were the people that would play music for the king and other high people. and. Other occupations included those of the scribe, the healer, artisan, weaver, potter, shoemaker, fisherman, teacher, and priest or priestess. Originally, the wheel was used by Artisans for pottery but someone figured out other uses for it, like a chariot; Early stages of mathematics and astronomy were reported to have developed in Ancient Mesopotamia My text book said the great artisans lived in bigger ziggurats. Historians believe that slavery as a major institution probably occurred with the development of agriculture about 10,000 BC. Sometime around 9000 B.C. What did slaves wear in ancient Mesopotamia? Textile Mills. The middle class included a few bureaucrats, or people who implemented political policies at a local level, but was mostly merchants, scribes, and artisans. Artisans used the veins in the material to maximum visual effect. Prior to the growth of cities and large towns, people lived in small villages and most people hunted and gathered. They made everyday useful items like dishes, pots, clothing, baskets, boats, and weapons. Mesopotamia spans millenia and many different states and socities. 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