February: The Popular Front party won big time in the election ; Azana was made Prime Minister (president). They are then given advice on how to structure an essay. Deep division in Spanish society. Causes of the Spanish Civil War Notes.pptx: File Size: 7080 kb: File Type: pptx: Download File. Spanish Civil War Causes Mind Map by hanalou, updated more than 1 year ago More Less Created by hanalou over 6 years ago 58 1 0 Description. 8. The Soviet Union contributed equipment and supplies to the Republicans, who also received help from the Mexican government. Causes of Spanish Civil War: Conclusion Students use this worksheet to summarise - and then crucially to connect - the various factors. Spanish Civil War: Casualties; Spanish Civil War: Casualties. Required fields are marked *. The army, led by General Francisco Franco, used his assassination as a reason to take control of Spain. The widespread division of Spain according to ideological and social lines, made possible the eruption of the bloody war that rocked the country to its core. April: Bombs from the air left Guernica in tatters. Adolf Hitler (Germany) supported the Nationalists (the rebels). Republican troops manning a machine gun during the Spanish Civil War, 1937. In any event, the proliferation of executions, murders, and assassinations on both sides reflects the great passions that the Civil War unleashed. On the other hand, the elite populace was more economically sound than the other social classes, hence they saw communism as a threat to their wealth. Spanish Civil War (1936–39), military revolt by Nationalist rebels, supported by conservative elements within the country, against the Republican government of Spain. When an initial military coup failed to win control of the entire country, a bloody civil war ensued, fought with great ferocity on both sides. Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the Spanish Civil War which was a defining war of the twentieth century. For nearly a century, the people and politicians of the Northern and Southern states had been clashing over the issues that finally led to war: economic interests, cultural values, the power of the federal government to control the states, and, most importantly, slavery in American … The Spanish Civil War served to break traditional gender roles on the Republican side. In the end, the army lost faith in him, forcing his resignation in the midst of troubles. There is general confusion between great liberation fighters and true leaders. Adam Hochschild says American involvement in the Spanish Civil War resulted in Americans being bombed by Nazis years before the U.S. entered World War II. February: France and the UK duly recognized Franco’s regime. The Republicans received aid from the Soviet Union as well as from the International Brigades, composed of volunteers from Europe and the United States. In rural communities, stronger peasants would do anything to succeed such as confiscating lands. Politically, their differences often found extreme and vehement expression in parties such as the Fascist-oriented Falange and the militant anarchists. Spanish Civil War A war between brothers 2. This failure meant that the Second Republic could never provide a government that could bring stability and prosperity to the country. To add fuel to fire, government realized that the military had way too much power which must be reduced immediately – army officers were forcefully retired from service. Fascist and extreme-right forces responded in July 1936 with an army mutiny and coup attempt that expanded into a civil war. Labor unrest was widespread in the early 1930s, and the election of February 16, 1936, brought to power a leftist Popular Front government. Corrections? Italy flew Franco’s army to Spain’s mainland. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Political parties were formed with ulterior motives. The Collapse of the Berlin Wall: When and Why Did It Fall? FACT CHECK: At worldhistoryedu.com, we strive for utmost accuracy and objectivity. By July 21 the rebels had achieved control in Spanish Morocco, the Canary Islands, and the Balearic Islands (except Minorca) and in the part of Spain north of the Guadarrama mountains and the Ebro River, except for Asturias, Santander, and the Basque provinces along the north coast and the region of Catalonia in the northeast. For Germany and Italy, Spain was a testing ground for new methods of tank and air warfare. October: International Brigade departed Spain. Furthermore, various secular groups who supported anarchy and communism dreaded the growth of the Catholic Church. Exploding in July 1936, the war in Spain soiled the 20th century; it was among the bloodiest wars ever to take place on the European continent. On the night of 17 July 1936, the Spanish army, inspired most of all by General Franco, started the Spanish Civil War by rebelling against the Second Republic. Poverty led people to group themselves along communist lines backed by anarchists. From, The military uprising started in Morocco on July 17, 1936, and quickly spread to the garrisons of metropolitan Spain. He is important because his assassination in 1936 by a unit of urban police contributed greatly to destabilizing the government and leading to the Spanish Civil War. 1936-1939. Such attitudes made the war a terrible tragedy before it ended in April 1939. Profound cause: long period of decline since the great days of he Spanish Empire. Due to the international political climateat t… The Soviets backed Republicans. Additionally, the killing of Calvo Sotelo (of the right-wing) on July 13, 1936, wasn’t taken lightly. Berber armies led by Abd el-Krim force the Spanish garrison at Annual (Anwal), Morocco, to retreat in disarray, marking the start of a military campaign that would come to be known as the Rif War.The rout marks the greatest defeat of a European colonial power … During the first weeks of the war, the Popular Front government of France also supported the Republicans, but internal opposition forced a change of policy. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Spanish-Civil-War, The Holocaust Encyclopedia - Spanish Civil War, History Learning Site - The Spanish Civil War, Spanish Civil War - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Spanish Civil War - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Spain spent much of the 1920s under the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera, and the economic hardships caused by the Great Depression intensified polarization within the Spanish public. Over 325,000 had died i… Spain had made little progress, lost her empire, and fallen behind in the industrialization process. This does not include all those who died from malnutrition, starvation, and war-engendered disease. Sacagawea Biography – Family, Tribe, Husband, Children, Expedition, & Death, Women Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court and their achievements, Presidential Medal of Freedom – History, meaning, recipients, & facts, Major Achievements of Sandra Day O’Connor, the First Woman Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. In December 1938 they moved upon Catalonia in the northeast, forcing the Republican armies there northward toward France. Originally published March 28, 2016. Spanish civil war (Causes) IB 1. Spanish Civil War: Overview and Detailed Study Part 1: During the 1930s, Spain was undergoing a lot of social, political, and economic turmoil that eventually launched it into civil war. The Spanish Civil War (Spanish: Guerra Civil Española) was a civil war in Spain fought from 1936 to 1939. The Spanish regions of Catalonia and Basque were interested in acquiring their own Independence. An estimated 200,000 died from combat-related causes. The president of the Spanish Republic until nearly the end of the war was Manuel Azaña, an anticlerical liberal. Republican violence occurred primarily during the early stages of the war before the rule of law was restored, but the Nationalist violence was part of a conscious policy of terror. They laid siege to it but were unable to get beyond the University City area. In August 1936, France joined Britain, the Soviet Union, Germany, and Italy in signing a nonintervention agreement that would be ignored by the Germans, Italians, and Soviets. 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