Accountability will shrink or expand with the nature of responsibility assigned. What happens when HR makes you declare fake experience in writing. 1. Establishing vertical and horizontal relationships can do this more effectively through the sharing of authority effected by delegation. The relationships that exist in an organization may be formal and/or informalâ€?. The acceptance theory was formulated by Chester Barnard who held that authority lies in the character of a communication (order) issued in a formal organization which makes it acceptable to the persons for whom it is intended. The other means, that it can help in making authority more effective and may include the backing and support to lower executives, from the top executives, due attention to their advice, usually confirming their decisions, permitting command to flow through proper channels and supplying adequate information and materials to them. Therefore, it becomes important that with every authority position an equal and opposite responsibility should be … Generally authority and responsibility are highly interconnected. Such a person would have power but no authority. Authority is the legal right of a superior to command his subordinates. ‘Competence’ or ‘Personal Authority’ theory. Task or Responsibility only Assigned to Human Beings: Task or responsibility can only be assigned to humans. An organization is defined as â€œthe process of identifying and grouping the work to be performed defining and delegating responsibility and authority and establishing relationships for the purpose of enabling the people to work most effectively together in accomplishing objectives. True Line personnel provide expert advice and guidance to staff personnel. It means the person who has been assigned a task or responsibility has a duty or obligation to perform it. Some persons having attractive personality command others to work. Responsibility is the obligation of a subordinate to perform a duty, which has been assigned to him by his superior. But his decision to do so is often influenced by his personal likes and dislikes and socio-economic, educational and cultural background. (b) The objective aspect that is the character in the communication by virtue of which it is accepted. Accountability arises out of responsibility and responsibility arises out of authority. Responsibility is defined as oneâ€™s obligation to perform the functions assigned to the best of oneâ€™s ability in accordance with directions received. Authority: Chester Barnard has defined authority as a character of “an order in the informal organisation by virtue of which … The whole organisational structure is based on the concept of authority without use of authority, anarchy and utter confusion will prevail all around the enterprise Authority is usually respected, recognised and followed in the organisation as a matter of course. The competition in prices of the product and other economic factors also affect the authority. 4. This happens when he enjoys support and confidence of his followers because they see him as personification of their urges and aspirations. The task or responsibility to produce minimum 100 units per day is a task or responsibility expressed in quantitative terms. According to Barnard, “an individual will accept the exercise of authority by his superior if the advantages to him from accepting the authority and the disadvantages from not accepting the authority are greater than the advantages from not accepting and the disadvantages from accepting; conversely, he will not accept the exercise of authority if the latter factors are greater than the former.”. The authority is power to command or to exact action from others in the process of discharging the delegated responsibility. This principle avoids misuse of authority and at the same time helps in proper discharge of responsibility. 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