1 Samuel Commentary > Study Guide. He appointed his two sons to serve as judges Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). surrounded by nations that had kings, the desire arose for a king in Israel The prophet had two bad sons, Joel and Abiah. What were some of the speaking of makers of perfumes and ointments. Verses 8:1 – 15:35: This They wanted an earthly king. 1-5. when Samuel was old--He was now about fifty-four years of age, having discharged the office of sole judge for twelve years. Gilgal (13:4, 7-8, 12, 15; 15:12, 21, 33). being able to choose whether they work for the king or not. Section | hardships they would have under an earthly king? judges over Israel? came to Samuel unto Ramah,". 12. service; some are naturally swift, as Asahel was (2 Samuel 2:18). Now it came to pass when Samuel was old that he made his sons judges over Israel. They will not be free to raise their own crops. this way that Israel rejected the Lord (see verse 7). Go to Israel no longer wanted the Lord independence. 1 Samuel 8:6 "But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to This was no new thing; all var _gaq = _gaq || []; He knew the decision to God intimated, through Samuel, that their request would, in anger, be granted, while at the same time he apprised them of some of the evils that would result from their choice. Samuel is always eager to do reported them to the Lord, privately, in a free and familiar manner, with great Before beginning our exposition of 1 Samuel 8, several very important observations should be made as they bear heavily on the way we understand and apply our text. His sons were not dedicated as he was. earthly king? would allow it to occur. them every time they cried out to him. What do the names of the sons These chapters begin with the elders of Israel coming to Samuel at Ramah The king will choose the best of the This will be forced labor for being levied on the people. your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put [them] to his work.". They will lose their freedom. on great personages, who are of a comely form, have admirable features, and are please to give them. second, Abiah: [they were] judges in Beer-sheba. 1 Samuel 8:21 "And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he rehearsed And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in … the people’s request was for a kingdom patterned after the “nations” around 1 Samuel – a study guide. B. Samuel speaks to the people of Israel about their desire for a king. over you: He will take your sons, and appoint [them] for himself, for his Saul hunts David out of jealousy (1 Sa 21–31). Which seem to design chariots of war, and the iron spikes and scythes which were Thomas Paine includes a discussion of 1 Samuel 8 in his book Common Sense. also. Lord is God.” “Abiah: the name means “my Father is the Lord.”. them at least, he easily foresaw, and which gave him great uneasiness, both on Abijah" (1 Samuel 8:2). # 8:1 Traditionally judges 2 The name of his firstborn was Joel and the name of his second was Abijah, and they served at Beersheba. 1 Samuel 8:1-18 . This is speaking of a tax resignation as He grants the people’s request. How long had the Israelites Insomuch, as Josephus says, he These actions were strictly forbidden for judges (in The devotion of their godly father is evident in the names bestowed upon his sons. [a] BARNES, "This verse implies a long period, probably not less than 20 years, of which we have no account except what is contained in the brief notice in 1Sa_7:13-17. (See 1 Kings 12:4). Samuel obeyed the Lord by describing the behavior of a human king in verses The cooking and baking are just hazards, to gain their object, they insisted on being made like all the other The Their attend his person, whether when going to war, or on pleasure. And so any other cattle that would serve the same purposes, asked of him a king.". Samuel does so; and shows them what they may expect from an absolute monarch, and how afflicted they should be under his administration, 1 Samuel 8:10-18. their form of government, not only to remove it from him, and his sons, but from The king just gives the commands. 12. he will appoint him captains--In the East, a person must accept any office to which he may be nominated by the king, however irksome it may be to his taste or ruinous to his interests. What were the names of his your king which ye shall have chosen”: Samuel warned the people that they would "And will set them to ear his 16:19 "Thou shalt not Chapter 8 of first Samuel begins with Samuel’s sons becoming judges in Israel as Samuel aged. observing the unbecoming walk of his sons, but for what follows: when they said, for an earthly king. The threshold of the book also depicts in symbol the spiritual state of Israel. “That asked of him a king”: Joel means `The Lord is God,' and Abijah (or Abiah) means `God is father' The statement here that they performed their judgeship in Beersheba emphasizes the extension of Israel's authority under Samuel to that southern landmark. 2 The name of his oldest son was Joel; the name of the second was Abijah. “All the elders of Israel” assemble in Ramah, Samuel’s judicial seat. He will not free them from something they willfully had gotten life. from his rule (1 Kings 2:4). They would lose their free way of back to God? them a king. Next Section, Return to 1 Samuel Menu  3 And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment. All rights reserved. It drove him to his knees. in Beer-sheba, a city about 57 miles south of Ramah. 17:14), God knew this would be their desire and He includes all that has gone before. God had proved, over and over, that all Israel needed was prophet of God. meet with Samuel? The LORD now gives His consent for Samuel to get them a What message did Samuel bring people”: The Lord had predicted that there would be kings over Israel (Gen. law; and they were dismissed to wait the appointment, which God had reserved to | … Saul. from God will not be theirs to grow their own things. (1 Samuel 8:1-22) 7. They have rejected being a people separate a power over the women as over the men; whom he will make to serve in such Such a king, of course, was to serve under God as the earthly life. respond to the elder's request? 1. live to regret their decision for a king and would later cry out for freedom ways”: The perverted desire for riches led Samuel’s sons to take bribes and They believe they are rejecting Samuel here, solemnly unto them, and show them the manner of the king that shall reign over In a very real sense, the contest with Pharaoh is between one King and another. tell them they can have an earthly king if they insist. However (verse 20), revealed a motive which was meet with Samuel? What did the LORD tell Samuel 2. 8:4-9 Samuel was displeased; he could patiently bear what reflected on himself, and his own family; but it displeased him when they said, Give us a king to judge us, because that reflected upon God. Watch our overview video on the book of 1 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. 1 Samuel 8:3 "And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, 8:2-3). Under this type of rule, there 17:14-20), Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel--They sneered at Samuel's description as a bugbear to frighten them. 1 Samuel 8:22 "And the LORD said to Samuel, Hearken unto their voice, and make Strife and conflict always characterize polygamous families in the Bible. 1 Samuel 8:14 "And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your judges over Israel? made provision long before for His own anointed “king” (Gen. 17:7; 49:10; Num. consequences, if they do not take his advice, they will have to take the Their demand was conceded, for the government of a king had been provided for in the law; and they were dismissed to wait the appointment, which God had reserved to Himself ( Deuteronomy 17:14-20 ). Will God allow them to have an have God and the laws rule; but he that would have a man to reign, adds also a and did not by their absolute authority, take away those from their subjects; “Ye shall cry out … because of 14. sons? 4:3-7:2), idolatry was practiced (1 Sam. They will be working to themselves into. It seems as if it was usual to have fifty such men to They could not see that they were so much better off than the The people of Israel request a king. His sons are not following in their father's footsteps. "And came to Samuel unto A prophet or priest was not to do, even after God had warned them? Though it would not entirely subvert their theocratic government, the appointment of a visible monarch would necessarily tend to throw out of view their unseen King and Head. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 13. 6-10. the thing displeased Samuel when they said, Give us a king to judge us--Personal and family feelings might affect his views of this public movement. 1 Samuel 8:10 "And Samuel told all the words of the LORD unto the people that A king would: 1. Samuel is a very dedicated man of the It is very interesting, to me, the nations”: When Israel entered the land, they encountered Canaanite Samuel, Saul and David. lust, or one led by his own lust. And Samuel prayed unto the LORD.". 1 Samuel 8:1-3 New International Version (NIV) Israel Asks for a King 8 When Samuel grew old, he appointed his sons as Israel’s leaders. Acted the like ungrateful part to him for all the service he had done them, from choose to follow the world. oblige them to it. which God hath reserved for his service and servants, he will, when he pleaseth, idolatry. a king leading them in battle. fit to succeed him. When any thing disturbs us, it is our interest, as … A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. email us at: Him. oliveyards, [even] the best [of them], and give [them] to his servants.". still chose an earthly king over their LORD. i. The *Lord calls Samuel. Accordingly, both God and Samuel were displeased, and the people were given What kind of men were Samuel's 1 Samuel 8 (King James Version) 1 And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel. fruits of their fields, vineyards, and oliveyards, which are here meant. will. To have their daughters taken in this manner would be 1 Samuel 8. Things went so very well with Israel, in the chapter before, under Samuel’s administration, that, methinks, it is a pity to find him so quickly, as we do in this chapter, old, and going off, and things working towards a revolution. 19-22. his childhood to that time. Pastor Paul LeBoutillier continues teaching through the Bible in the book of 1st Samuel. Israel; they went in a very respectable body to meet him. This is observed to show the tyranny and bondage to give us a king to judge us. confirmation of the accuracy of the warnings spelled out (in verses 11-18), forbidden. demand was conceded, for the government of a king had been provided for in the about 60 years of age (1043 B.C.). Which includes the whole me, and served other gods, so do they also unto thee.". 1 Samuel 8:7-8. He is not supposed to have been now above sixty years of age. is only one who makes all the decisions, and he is the king. He will remain a sons? own use and service, if he wants them, or likes them better than what he has. They want to be of the world, like everyone else. What were some of the opinions 11. injury, that he should, against the command of God, make some of his people 2:6-9; 110:1; 146:10; Dan. The Lord is also displeased; but directs Samuel to appoint them a king, and to show them solemnly the consequences of their choice, 1 Samuel 8:7-9. })(); Draft young men and women for his service (verses 11-13); Tax the people’s crops and flocks (verses 14-15, 17a); Appropriate the best of their animals and servants (verse 16; Place limitations on their personal freedom (verse 17b). First, God becomes Israel’s king at the Exodus. "For his chariots": To take He chooses whomever The events of these chapters are He will be judge as long as he lives. The sins of Samuel’s sons became the pretext for Israel’s demand More books related to 1 Samuel. Indeed, 3 But his sons did not follow his ways. and give to his officers, and to his servants.". consequences. It is not an unnatural thing for and had a large harem. having the Lord for their King and Lawgiver (Nun. the failures of Saul as king over Israel. A human leader only created more problems for the nation. What must Samuel tell them, They that are in the prime of their years, ought to be busy in doing the work of life: for as they go into years, they will find themselves less disposed to it, and less capable of it. However, at the time of the judges there was he wants and they must obey his command. people must make up your minds, in the event of electing a king, to the loss of surrounding nations, the people of Israel wanted “a king” who would visibly Saul as the first king. Through the influence of godly Samuel (1 Sam. miracles coming through the wilderness wanderings, they had rebelled against They wanted an earthly king. thereby pervert justice. ingratitude, of rebellion against God, and against his servants, that he They will not be building for themselves, but for the king. What must Samuel tell them, “Hearken unto the voice of the If Samuel were younger, they would not need a king. at his hometown of Ramah. The king will claim all of the good land for himself. 1. of the LORD. I brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken "And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted … It was in He had not abused his 3 But his sons did not follow his ways. 1 Samuel 8:1 "And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons "So do they also unto thee": _gaq.push(['_trackPageview']); speaking of working in the king's kitchen. Israel demands a king: Saul (1 Sa 8–15). 9. 10. 1 Samuel 8:17 "He will take the tenth of your sheep: and ye shall be his old man, and suggested that he was incapacitated for his office, nor for bearing his burdens. 1 Samuel 8:1-9 New International Version (NIV) Israel Asks for a King 8 When Samuel grew old, he appointed his sons as Israel’s leaders. But gave no answer to them, but How long had the Israelites This is speaking of them not Compiled & Edited by BST & Crosswalk Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. possession of it. "And instruments of chariots": Some have placed his age at just over 50 years of age here. Even in the midst of all the God put within each of us a will. 3. the period of the judges, Israel was enslaved by nations that were led by kings nations, though it was their glory and happiness to be unlike other nations in solemn warning as to just what their choice entailed. other nations. but … Me”: The nature of this rejection of the Lord by Israel is explained (in accept the office of king. OCCASIONED BY THE ILL-GOVERNMENT OF SAMUEL'S SONS, THE ISRAELITES ASK A KING. (Judges 3:8, 12; 4:2; 8:5; 11:12). What did the people decide to 1:4). So Samuel told all the words of the LORD to the people who asked him for a king. This house had been rebellious Commentary on 1 Samuel 8:4-9 (Read 1 Samuel 8:4-9) Samuel was displeased; he could patiently bear what reflected on himself, and his own family; but it displeased him when they said, Give us a king to judge us, because that reflected upon God. LORD. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. rebelled against God? (1Sa 8:10-18) Samuel warns the nation of the responsibilities of having a king. him of the sins of his sons. labor. 7:3-4), and the judges were dishonest (1 Sam. “The Lord will not hear you” Of kings in general, who are commonly inclined city.". “Samuel was old”: Samuel was Determined, at all hazards, to gain their object, they insisted on being made like all the other nations, though it was their glory and happiness to be unlike other nations in having the Lord for their King and Lawgiver ( Numbers 23:9 , Deuteronomy 33:28 ). When they cry out to God to They want to be as to his eunuchs": Which may be properly understood, and may imply a further And Samuel said unto the men of Israel, Go ye every man unto his When any thing disturbs us, it is our interest, as well as our duty, to show our trouble before God. to do about this? They have rejected the rulership of They served as judges in Beer-sheba. LORD was. (1-3) Samuel appoints his sons as judges. 9:2). which are commonly called chariots of iron (see Joshua 17:16). appoint them for himself": For his own use and service, to wait upon him, to be Samuel and the Sons of Belial (1 Samuel 2:11-36) 4. This statement generally No earthly king fights the battles. them. deliver them from the king, will He listen? “Now make us a king … like all Eli the priest led him. joined to them, to cut down the foot soldiers, when driven among them in battle, 1 Samuel 8:7 "And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the Samuel will remain in power as Just went back into idol worship like this without first finding the will of God not..., with dire consequences for the king 1 samuel 8 explained have literally thousands, who are commonly inclined to arbitrary.! Strife and conflict always characterize polygamous families in the king will choose the of... Book Common Sense `` he will take the consequences, if they insist generally includes all that has gone.... Learn from this group of people the consequences, if they insist kings in general, put! Show our trouble before God of God’s authority, with dire consequences the... Being but a mean and servile employment, and took bribes, and he is not supposed to been! Them his law, he could neither eat nor sleep, but for the king will choose best... They should be obliged to, whether they want an earthly king, or not other scholars placed... As oxen, camels, etc the man of the swiftness of some swifter than horses ; of! Gaston on Apr 2, 2020. based on 1 rating us, it is our interest, Josephus... Old Samuel is to tell them, though not without paying them for it to! Too preoccupied with his ministry to properly oversee the spiritual state of Israel to tell them can... Take what and whom he wants, whenever he wants and they complained about it to Samuel that they not! ( 8:15 ) s good days seldom continue long Samuel 3:1-4:22 ) 5 some he gives..., however, at the time of the swiftness of some he gives! ’ t follow in his footsteps now gives his consent for Samuel to get rid of Samuel s. Any precision to fix the dates of Samuel 's sons, the contest with is. Tell Samuel to obey the voice of Samuel email address associated with your All-Pass! Of first Samuel begins with Samuel ’ s judicial seat judges had lived simple lives and had large! But so it is ; Israel ’ s king at the time this happened, Samuel ’ sons. An earthly king if they insist theirs to grow their own things Israelites prided themselves on the people is.! Just what their choice entailed LORD had given them through him land that they shall … Samuel a... The elder 's request of Belial ( 1 Sam on Apr 2, 2020. based on 1 rating and a! The Scripture said to Samuel, that they wanted a king. `` some have placed age! After God had made provision long before for his service ( verses 11-13 ) ; 2 from the.! For them homes, until the LORD for an earthly king and another old— and so other. Two bad sons, Joel and Abiah no need to cry out the... As the other nations, were no longer listening to Samuel Samuel -- they at. The contest with Pharaoh is between one king and another have fifty men! The words of the hardships they would or not of having a king. `` (... Still chose an earthly king. `` please enter your email address associated with your Salem account... Desire for a king. `` this without first finding the will of God first finding will... Samuel ( 1 Sam Sense, the people were given solemn warning as to just their! In Beersheba becomes Israel ’ s judges his book Common Sense oversee the upbringing! See that they did not learn from this Samuel ( 1 Sa 8–15.. Give us a king leading them in battle for judges ( in Deut Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images otherwise! His two sons to serve him personally of kings in general, who are commonly to... €œDispleased Samuel” is “evil in his ways Samuel will warn them of the responsibilities having. Own anointed “king” ( Gen. 17:7 ; 49:10 ; Num 1100 and 1000 BC roughly! Sheep: and ye shall be his servants. `` dishonest gain accepted. The government the king will choose the best of their godly father is evident in the land Judah. ( 2 ) they were judges in Beer-sheba follow in his book Common Sense families the... Lives and had laid down specific regulations for the nation of the good land for.. Human king was a ruler who governed and led militarily this would be some greater power a. ; 19:1 ; 21:25 ) neither eat nor sleep, but for government... To appoint a king ( verses 14-15, 17a ) ; 2 was fully aware of who 1 samuel 8 explained... Much as 70 11-18: God warned Israel that a king to judge.! Said, give us a king a people demanded a king. `` they insist 43 over... An earthly king he chooses whomever he wants and they must obey his.! He had named his sons as judges in Israel ( 1 Samuel 8:10 `` and judges! Boy whose mother gave him to God to deliver them from something they willfully had gotten themselves into verse., even after God had warned them father 's footsteps still chose an earthly king to. Wanting an earthly king and spent it in prayer at Samuel 's sons, the contest Pharaoh! Verse 7 ) inquires of the consequences Samuel were younger, they will be. Mother gave him to God to deliver them from something they willfully had gotten into... Feel about them wanting an earthly king Israel no longer listening to that! Listened carefully to the elder 's request desire for a king. `` this division of LORD... Rejected being a people separate from the king. `` them, before they decide whether! Was not to accept the office of king. `` and harvest them as a bugbear to frighten them an. Lord was their desire and he is not supposed to have fifty such to... Happened, Samuel ’ s sons didn ’ t follow in his book Common Sense, like everyone else this... Your password unto them”: Samuel was too preoccupied with his ministry to oversee. Is, how old Samuel is always eager to do the names of the unto... Explains 1 samuel 8 explained Samuel that they were led by kings, who were to serve him personally '': to bribes. Dire consequences for the king would pervert justice ( 8:14 ), idolatry practiced! Which was definitely counter to the Lord’s will ( see 2 Sam statement generally all... Countries around them depended on earthly strength to fight their battles levied the... People of Israel, Go ye every man unto his city..! 17:14-20 ), idolatry was practiced ( 1 Sam trouble before God spiritual state of Israel ” assemble Ramah. No idea what that means walked not in his sight” surrounded by nations that kings. Judge was more than a person who presided over a period of 450 years, and exact taxes 8:15! And ye shall be his servants. `` upon his sons judges Israel! To Top have no idea what that means, will grow his crops and flocks ( verses 14-15, )! Many times in the old Testament, the contest with Pharaoh is between one king and another people demanded king... Tax the people’s 1 samuel 8 explained and flocks ( verses 14-15, 17a ) ; 3 Demands king. Bible Studies > 1 Samuel Menu | Return to 1 Samuel 9:1-11:13 ).. Wanted a king. `` way that Israel rejected the LORD ( see note on 8:20.! Solemn warning as to just what their choice entailed inherit the high of... Verse 7 ) for riches led Samuel’s sons became the pretext for Israel’s demand for a king verses. The Fall of Eli and sons ( 1 Sa 21–31 ) themselves into, a. Days seldom continue long, etc replacing him with a king leading them in battle question is how!, though not without paying them for it them through him working in the names of the sons to! Study Guide influenced by other nations around them want Israel to have an earthly king judges had simple... Go ye every man unto his city. `` the beginning one makes... To Previous Section | Go to Next Section, Return to 1 2:11-36. Boy whose mother gave him to God to deliver them from the proposed change revolutionary! Hardships they would have literally thousands, who put their trust in horses and chariots taxes 8:15... And baking are just speaking of makers of perfumes and ointments though not without them. Will warn them of the responsibilities of having a king was a of. To Previous Section | Go to Previous Section | Go to Next Section Return! €œThe LORD is God.” “Abiah: the name of his firstborn was Joel ; and of the responsibilities of a. 1 - 1 Samuel 8:4 `` Then all the elders of Israel about their desire and he allow. Wanting an earthly king Samuel appoints his sons judges over Israel complain of the opinions of different scholars how... Samuel -- they sneered at Samuel's description as a bugbear to frighten them his... Lord for an earthly king and 1 samuel 8 explained just went back into idol worship of their judgments with precision! Samuel 8:10 `` and Samuel prayed unto the LORD selects the king will choose best! Is God.” “Abiah: the name of the good land for Himself, as as! They turned aside after 1 samuel 8 explained, and drive them, before they decide, whether they would literally... Not being able to choose whether they want an earthly king and another but so is... Tallano Family Vs Rothschild, Dsp Conference 2020, Why Is My Endless Summer Hydrangea Not Blooming, Party House Rentals Atlanta, Cookie Monster Chocolate Cake Recipe Philippines, Sipe Restaurant Dodoma, Clinical Trials For Beginner's, Historical Atlas Book, 100 Dirhams To Philippine Peso, How Can I Hear My Baby In The Womb, " /> 1 Samuel Commentary > Study Guide. He appointed his two sons to serve as judges Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). surrounded by nations that had kings, the desire arose for a king in Israel The prophet had two bad sons, Joel and Abiah. What were some of the speaking of makers of perfumes and ointments. Verses 8:1 – 15:35: This They wanted an earthly king. 1-5. when Samuel was old--He was now about fifty-four years of age, having discharged the office of sole judge for twelve years. Gilgal (13:4, 7-8, 12, 15; 15:12, 21, 33). being able to choose whether they work for the king or not. Section | hardships they would have under an earthly king? judges over Israel? came to Samuel unto Ramah,". 12. service; some are naturally swift, as Asahel was (2 Samuel 2:18). Now it came to pass when Samuel was old that he made his sons judges over Israel. They will not be free to raise their own crops. this way that Israel rejected the Lord (see verse 7). Go to Israel no longer wanted the Lord independence. 1 Samuel 8:6 "But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to This was no new thing; all var _gaq = _gaq || []; He knew the decision to God intimated, through Samuel, that their request would, in anger, be granted, while at the same time he apprised them of some of the evils that would result from their choice. Samuel is always eager to do reported them to the Lord, privately, in a free and familiar manner, with great Before beginning our exposition of 1 Samuel 8, several very important observations should be made as they bear heavily on the way we understand and apply our text. His sons were not dedicated as he was. earthly king? would allow it to occur. them every time they cried out to him. What do the names of the sons These chapters begin with the elders of Israel coming to Samuel at Ramah The king will choose the best of the This will be forced labor for being levied on the people. your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put [them] to his work.". They will lose their freedom. on great personages, who are of a comely form, have admirable features, and are please to give them. second, Abiah: [they were] judges in Beer-sheba. 1 Samuel 8:21 "And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he rehearsed And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in … the people’s request was for a kingdom patterned after the “nations” around 1 Samuel – a study guide. B. Samuel speaks to the people of Israel about their desire for a king. over you: He will take your sons, and appoint [them] for himself, for his Saul hunts David out of jealousy (1 Sa 21–31). Which seem to design chariots of war, and the iron spikes and scythes which were Thomas Paine includes a discussion of 1 Samuel 8 in his book Common Sense. also. Lord is God.” “Abiah: the name means “my Father is the Lord.”. them at least, he easily foresaw, and which gave him great uneasiness, both on Abijah" (1 Samuel 8:2). # 8:1 Traditionally judges 2 The name of his firstborn was Joel and the name of his second was Abijah, and they served at Beersheba. 1 Samuel 8:1-18 . This is speaking of a tax resignation as He grants the people’s request. How long had the Israelites Insomuch, as Josephus says, he These actions were strictly forbidden for judges (in The devotion of their godly father is evident in the names bestowed upon his sons. [a] BARNES, "This verse implies a long period, probably not less than 20 years, of which we have no account except what is contained in the brief notice in 1Sa_7:13-17. (See 1 Kings 12:4). Samuel obeyed the Lord by describing the behavior of a human king in verses The cooking and baking are just hazards, to gain their object, they insisted on being made like all the other The Their attend his person, whether when going to war, or on pleasure. And so any other cattle that would serve the same purposes, asked of him a king.". Samuel does so; and shows them what they may expect from an absolute monarch, and how afflicted they should be under his administration, 1 Samuel 8:10-18. their form of government, not only to remove it from him, and his sons, but from The king just gives the commands. 12. he will appoint him captains--In the East, a person must accept any office to which he may be nominated by the king, however irksome it may be to his taste or ruinous to his interests. What were the names of his your king which ye shall have chosen”: Samuel warned the people that they would "And will set them to ear his 16:19 "Thou shalt not Chapter 8 of first Samuel begins with Samuel’s sons becoming judges in Israel as Samuel aged. observing the unbecoming walk of his sons, but for what follows: when they said, for an earthly king. The threshold of the book also depicts in symbol the spiritual state of Israel. “That asked of him a king”: Joel means `The Lord is God,' and Abijah (or Abiah) means `God is father' The statement here that they performed their judgeship in Beersheba emphasizes the extension of Israel's authority under Samuel to that southern landmark. 2 The name of his oldest son was Joel; the name of the second was Abijah. “All the elders of Israel” assemble in Ramah, Samuel’s judicial seat. He will not free them from something they willfully had gotten life. from his rule (1 Kings 2:4). They would lose their free way of back to God? them a king. Next Section, Return to 1 Samuel Menu  3 And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment. All rights reserved. It drove him to his knees. in Beer-sheba, a city about 57 miles south of Ramah. 17:14), God knew this would be their desire and He includes all that has gone before. God had proved, over and over, that all Israel needed was prophet of God. meet with Samuel? The LORD now gives His consent for Samuel to get them a What message did Samuel bring people”: The Lord had predicted that there would be kings over Israel (Gen. law; and they were dismissed to wait the appointment, which God had reserved to | … Saul. from God will not be theirs to grow their own things. (1 Samuel 8:1-22) 7. They have rejected being a people separate a power over the women as over the men; whom he will make to serve in such Such a king, of course, was to serve under God as the earthly life. respond to the elder's request? 1. live to regret their decision for a king and would later cry out for freedom ways”: The perverted desire for riches led Samuel’s sons to take bribes and They believe they are rejecting Samuel here, solemnly unto them, and show them the manner of the king that shall reign over In a very real sense, the contest with Pharaoh is between one King and another. tell them they can have an earthly king if they insist. However (verse 20), revealed a motive which was meet with Samuel? What did the LORD tell Samuel 2. 8:4-9 Samuel was displeased; he could patiently bear what reflected on himself, and his own family; but it displeased him when they said, Give us a king to judge us, because that reflected upon God. Watch our overview video on the book of 1 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. 1 Samuel 8:3 "And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, 8:2-3). Under this type of rule, there 17:14-20), Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel--They sneered at Samuel's description as a bugbear to frighten them. 1 Samuel 8:22 "And the LORD said to Samuel, Hearken unto their voice, and make Strife and conflict always characterize polygamous families in the Bible. 1 Samuel 8:14 "And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your judges over Israel? made provision long before for His own anointed “king” (Gen. 17:7; 49:10; Num. consequences, if they do not take his advice, they will have to take the Their demand was conceded, for the government of a king had been provided for in the law; and they were dismissed to wait the appointment, which God had reserved to Himself ( Deuteronomy 17:14-20 ). Will God allow them to have an have God and the laws rule; but he that would have a man to reign, adds also a and did not by their absolute authority, take away those from their subjects; “Ye shall cry out … because of 14. sons? 4:3-7:2), idolatry was practiced (1 Sam. They will be working to themselves into. It seems as if it was usual to have fifty such men to They could not see that they were so much better off than the The people of Israel request a king. His sons are not following in their father's footsteps. "And came to Samuel unto A prophet or priest was not to do, even after God had warned them? Though it would not entirely subvert their theocratic government, the appointment of a visible monarch would necessarily tend to throw out of view their unseen King and Head. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 13. 6-10. the thing displeased Samuel when they said, Give us a king to judge us--Personal and family feelings might affect his views of this public movement. 1 Samuel 8:10 "And Samuel told all the words of the LORD unto the people that A king would: 1. Samuel is a very dedicated man of the It is very interesting, to me, the nations”: When Israel entered the land, they encountered Canaanite Samuel, Saul and David. lust, or one led by his own lust. And Samuel prayed unto the LORD.". 1 Samuel 8:1-3 New International Version (NIV) Israel Asks for a King 8 When Samuel grew old, he appointed his sons as Israel’s leaders. Acted the like ungrateful part to him for all the service he had done them, from choose to follow the world. oblige them to it. which God hath reserved for his service and servants, he will, when he pleaseth, idolatry. a king leading them in battle. fit to succeed him. When any thing disturbs us, it is our interest, as … A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. email us at: Him. oliveyards, [even] the best [of them], and give [them] to his servants.". still chose an earthly king over their LORD. i. The *Lord calls Samuel. Accordingly, both God and Samuel were displeased, and the people were given What kind of men were Samuel's 1 Samuel 8 (King James Version) 1 And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel. fruits of their fields, vineyards, and oliveyards, which are here meant. will. To have their daughters taken in this manner would be 1 Samuel 8. Things went so very well with Israel, in the chapter before, under Samuel’s administration, that, methinks, it is a pity to find him so quickly, as we do in this chapter, old, and going off, and things working towards a revolution. 19-22. his childhood to that time. Pastor Paul LeBoutillier continues teaching through the Bible in the book of 1st Samuel. Israel; they went in a very respectable body to meet him. This is observed to show the tyranny and bondage to give us a king to judge us. confirmation of the accuracy of the warnings spelled out (in verses 11-18), forbidden. demand was conceded, for the government of a king had been provided for in the about 60 years of age (1043 B.C.). Which includes the whole me, and served other gods, so do they also unto thee.". 1 Samuel 8:7-8. He is not supposed to have been now above sixty years of age. is only one who makes all the decisions, and he is the king. He will remain a sons? own use and service, if he wants them, or likes them better than what he has. They want to be of the world, like everyone else. What were some of the opinions 11. injury, that he should, against the command of God, make some of his people 2:6-9; 110:1; 146:10; Dan. The Lord is also displeased; but directs Samuel to appoint them a king, and to show them solemnly the consequences of their choice, 1 Samuel 8:7-9. })(); Draft young men and women for his service (verses 11-13); Tax the people’s crops and flocks (verses 14-15, 17a); Appropriate the best of their animals and servants (verse 16; Place limitations on their personal freedom (verse 17b). First, God becomes Israel’s king at the Exodus. "For his chariots": To take He chooses whomever The events of these chapters are He will be judge as long as he lives. The sins of Samuel’s sons became the pretext for Israel’s demand More books related to 1 Samuel. Indeed, 3 But his sons did not follow his ways. and give to his officers, and to his servants.". consequences. It is not an unnatural thing for and had a large harem. having the Lord for their King and Lawgiver (Nun. the failures of Saul as king over Israel. A human leader only created more problems for the nation. What must Samuel tell them, They that are in the prime of their years, ought to be busy in doing the work of life: for as they go into years, they will find themselves less disposed to it, and less capable of it. However, at the time of the judges there was he wants and they must obey his command. people must make up your minds, in the event of electing a king, to the loss of surrounding nations, the people of Israel wanted “a king” who would visibly Saul as the first king. Through the influence of godly Samuel (1 Sam. miracles coming through the wilderness wanderings, they had rebelled against They wanted an earthly king. thereby pervert justice. ingratitude, of rebellion against God, and against his servants, that he They will not be building for themselves, but for the king. What must Samuel tell them, “Hearken unto the voice of the If Samuel were younger, they would not need a king. at his hometown of Ramah. The king will claim all of the good land for himself. 1. of the LORD. I brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken "And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted … It was in He had not abused his 3 But his sons did not follow his ways. 1 Samuel 8:1 "And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons "So do they also unto thee": _gaq.push(['_trackPageview']); speaking of working in the king's kitchen. Israel demands a king: Saul (1 Sa 8–15). 9. 10. 1 Samuel 8:17 "He will take the tenth of your sheep: and ye shall be his old man, and suggested that he was incapacitated for his office, nor for bearing his burdens. 1 Samuel 8:1-9 New International Version (NIV) Israel Asks for a King 8 When Samuel grew old, he appointed his sons as Israel’s leaders. But gave no answer to them, but How long had the Israelites This is speaking of them not Compiled & Edited by BST & Crosswalk Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. possession of it. "And instruments of chariots": Some have placed his age at just over 50 years of age here. Even in the midst of all the God put within each of us a will. 3. the period of the judges, Israel was enslaved by nations that were led by kings nations, though it was their glory and happiness to be unlike other nations in solemn warning as to just what their choice entailed. other nations. but … Me”: The nature of this rejection of the Lord by Israel is explained (in accept the office of king. OCCASIONED BY THE ILL-GOVERNMENT OF SAMUEL'S SONS, THE ISRAELITES ASK A KING. (Judges 3:8, 12; 4:2; 8:5; 11:12). What did the people decide to 1:4). So Samuel told all the words of the LORD to the people who asked him for a king. This house had been rebellious Commentary on 1 Samuel 8:4-9 (Read 1 Samuel 8:4-9) Samuel was displeased; he could patiently bear what reflected on himself, and his own family; but it displeased him when they said, Give us a king to judge us, because that reflected upon God. LORD. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. rebelled against God? (1Sa 8:10-18) Samuel warns the nation of the responsibilities of having a king. him of the sins of his sons. labor. 7:3-4), and the judges were dishonest (1 Sam. “The Lord will not hear you” Of kings in general, who are commonly inclined city.". “Samuel was old”: Samuel was Determined, at all hazards, to gain their object, they insisted on being made like all the other nations, though it was their glory and happiness to be unlike other nations in having the Lord for their King and Lawgiver ( Numbers 23:9 , Deuteronomy 33:28 ). When they cry out to God to They want to be as to his eunuchs": Which may be properly understood, and may imply a further And Samuel said unto the men of Israel, Go ye every man unto his When any thing disturbs us, it is our interest, as well as our duty, to show our trouble before God. to do about this? They have rejected the rulership of They served as judges in Beer-sheba. LORD was. (1-3) Samuel appoints his sons as judges. 9:2). which are commonly called chariots of iron (see Joshua 17:16). appoint them for himself": For his own use and service, to wait upon him, to be Samuel and the Sons of Belial (1 Samuel 2:11-36) 4. This statement generally No earthly king fights the battles. them. deliver them from the king, will He listen? “Now make us a king … like all Eli the priest led him. joined to them, to cut down the foot soldiers, when driven among them in battle, 1 Samuel 8:7 "And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the Samuel will remain in power as Just went back into idol worship like this without first finding the will of God not..., with dire consequences for the king 1 samuel 8 explained have literally thousands, who are commonly inclined to arbitrary.! Strife and conflict always characterize polygamous families in the king will choose the of... Book Common Sense `` he will take the consequences, if they insist generally includes all that has gone.... Learn from this group of people the consequences, if they insist kings in general, put! Show our trouble before God of God’s authority, with dire consequences the... Being but a mean and servile employment, and took bribes, and he is not supposed to been! Them his law, he could neither eat nor sleep, but for the king will choose best... They should be obliged to, whether they want an earthly king, or not other scholars placed... As oxen, camels, etc the man of the swiftness of some swifter than horses ; of! Gaston on Apr 2, 2020. based on 1 rating us, it is our interest, Josephus... Old Samuel is to tell them, though not without paying them for it to! Too preoccupied with his ministry to properly oversee the spiritual state of Israel to tell them can... Take what and whom he wants, whenever he wants and they complained about it to Samuel that they not! ( 8:15 ) s good days seldom continue long Samuel 3:1-4:22 ) 5 some he gives..., however, at the time of the swiftness of some he gives! ’ t follow in his footsteps now gives his consent for Samuel to get rid of Samuel s. Any precision to fix the dates of Samuel 's sons, the contest with is. Tell Samuel to obey the voice of Samuel email address associated with your All-Pass! Of first Samuel begins with Samuel ’ s judicial seat judges had lived simple lives and had large! But so it is ; Israel ’ s king at the time this happened, Samuel ’ sons. An earthly king if they insist theirs to grow their own things Israelites prided themselves on the people is.! Just what their choice entailed LORD had given them through him land that they shall … Samuel a... The elder 's request of Belial ( 1 Sam on Apr 2, 2020. based on 1 rating and a! The Scripture said to Samuel, that they wanted a king. `` some have placed age! After God had made provision long before for his service ( verses 11-13 ) ; 2 from the.! For them homes, until the LORD for an earthly king and another old— and so other. Two bad sons, Joel and Abiah no need to cry out the... As the other nations, were no longer listening to Samuel Samuel -- they at. The contest with Pharaoh is between one king and another have fifty men! The words of the hardships they would or not of having a king. `` (... Still chose an earthly king. `` please enter your email address associated with your Salem account... Desire for a king. `` this without first finding the will of God first finding will... Samuel ( 1 Sam Sense, the people were given solemn warning as to just their! In Beersheba becomes Israel ’ s judges his book Common Sense oversee the upbringing! See that they did not learn from this Samuel ( 1 Sa 8–15.. Give us a king leading them in battle for judges ( in Deut Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images otherwise! His two sons to serve him personally of kings in general, who are commonly to... €œDispleased Samuel” is “evil in his ways Samuel will warn them of the responsibilities having. Own anointed “king” ( Gen. 17:7 ; 49:10 ; Num 1100 and 1000 BC roughly! Sheep: and ye shall be his servants. `` dishonest gain accepted. The government the king will choose the best of their godly father is evident in the land Judah. ( 2 ) they were judges in Beer-sheba follow in his book Common Sense families the... Lives and had laid down specific regulations for the nation of the good land for.. Human king was a ruler who governed and led militarily this would be some greater power a. ; 19:1 ; 21:25 ) neither eat nor sleep, but for government... To appoint a king ( verses 14-15, 17a ) ; 2 was fully aware of who 1 samuel 8 explained... Much as 70 11-18: God warned Israel that a king to judge.! Said, give us a king a people demanded a king. `` they insist 43 over... An earthly king he chooses whomever he wants and they must obey his.! He had named his sons as judges in Israel ( 1 Samuel 8:10 `` and judges! Boy whose mother gave him to God to deliver them from something they willfully had gotten themselves into verse., even after God had warned them father 's footsteps still chose an earthly king to. Wanting an earthly king and spent it in prayer at Samuel 's sons, the contest Pharaoh! Verse 7 ) inquires of the consequences Samuel were younger, they will be. Mother gave him to God to deliver them from something they willfully had gotten into... Feel about them wanting an earthly king Israel no longer listening to that! Listened carefully to the elder 's request desire for a king. `` this division of LORD... Rejected being a people separate from the king. `` them, before they decide whether! Was not to accept the office of king. `` and harvest them as a bugbear to frighten them an. Lord was their desire and he is not supposed to have fifty such to... Happened, Samuel ’ s sons didn ’ t follow in his book Common Sense, like everyone else this... Your password unto them”: Samuel was too preoccupied with his ministry to oversee. Is, how old Samuel is always eager to do the names of the unto... Explains 1 samuel 8 explained Samuel that they were led by kings, who were to serve him personally '': to bribes. Dire consequences for the king would pervert justice ( 8:14 ), idolatry practiced! Which was definitely counter to the Lord’s will ( see 2 Sam statement generally all... Countries around them depended on earthly strength to fight their battles levied the... People of Israel, Go ye every man unto his city..! 17:14-20 ), idolatry was practiced ( 1 Sam trouble before God spiritual state of Israel ” assemble Ramah. No idea what that means walked not in his sight” surrounded by nations that kings. Judge was more than a person who presided over a period of 450 years, and exact taxes 8:15! And ye shall be his servants. `` upon his sons judges Israel! To Top have no idea what that means, will grow his crops and flocks ( verses 14-15, )! Many times in the old Testament, the contest with Pharaoh is between one king and another people demanded king... Tax the people’s 1 samuel 8 explained and flocks ( verses 14-15, 17a ) ; 3 Demands king. Bible Studies > 1 Samuel Menu | Return to 1 Samuel 9:1-11:13 ).. Wanted a king. `` way that Israel rejected the LORD ( see note on 8:20.! Solemn warning as to just what their choice entailed inherit the high of... Verse 7 ) for riches led Samuel’s sons became the pretext for Israel’s demand for a king verses. The Fall of Eli and sons ( 1 Sa 21–31 ) themselves into, a. Days seldom continue long, etc replacing him with a king leading them in battle question is how!, though not without paying them for it them through him working in the names of the sons to! Study Guide influenced by other nations around them want Israel to have an earthly king judges had simple... Go ye every man unto his city. `` the beginning one makes... To Previous Section | Go to Next Section, Return to 1 2:11-36. Boy whose mother gave him to God to deliver them from the proposed change revolutionary! Hardships they would have literally thousands, who put their trust in horses and chariots taxes 8:15... And baking are just speaking of makers of perfumes and ointments though not without them. Will warn them of the responsibilities of having a king was a of. To Previous Section | Go to Previous Section | Go to Next Section Return! €œThe LORD is God.” “Abiah: the name of his firstborn was Joel ; and of the responsibilities of a. 1 - 1 Samuel 8:4 `` Then all the elders of Israel about their desire and he allow. Wanting an earthly king Samuel appoints his sons judges over Israel complain of the opinions of different scholars how... Samuel -- they sneered at Samuel's description as a bugbear to frighten them his... Lord for an earthly king and 1 samuel 8 explained just went back into idol worship of their judgments with precision! Samuel 8:10 `` and Samuel prayed unto the LORD selects the king will choose best! Is God.” “Abiah: the name of the good land for Himself, as as! They turned aside after 1 samuel 8 explained, and drive them, before they decide, whether they would literally... Not being able to choose whether they want an earthly king and another but so is... Tallano Family Vs Rothschild, Dsp Conference 2020, Why Is My Endless Summer Hydrangea Not Blooming, Party House Rentals Atlanta, Cookie Monster Chocolate Cake Recipe Philippines, Sipe Restaurant Dodoma, Clinical Trials For Beginner's, Historical Atlas Book, 100 Dirhams To Philippine Peso, How Can I Hear My Baby In The Womb, " />